The Research Division staffs who are based at the Department of Agriculture Pangasinan Research and Experiment Center (DA – PREC) in Sta. Barbara, Pangasinan headed by Ms. Debby Aloha Z. Davalos – Project Leader on R&D Crops, presented their three (3) major research projects located at Sitio Pannagidan, Brgy. Baro in Asingan, Pangasinan on March 12, 2019.
These were the Community-Based Participatory Action Research (CPAR) on Rice + Eggplant, Site Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) as a Management Decision Support Tool for Corn Farmers in Region 1 and the Multi-Location Adaptability Trial of Garlic Cultivars in Region 1.
Participated in by around 60 farmers from the five (5) Barangays in Asingan and some in Urdaneta, Pangasinan, the farmers had the opportunity to have field visit in the site where they were able to compare the crops (corn and garlic) from each variety.
In her message, Dr. Constancia R. Diaz, Center Chief of DA PREC expressed her gratitude to Mayor Heidee L. Ganigan - Chua for accepting in their town the three projects of the Department of Agriculture.
“Garlic Production can also grow here in Pangasinan, depending on how the farmer will manage his farm. We really need to produce garlic here because we need to increase our garlic production areas in Region 1. Also if we are able to produce garlic here, we need not import or buy garlic from other provinces anymore,” Dr. Diaz said as she informed the farmers.
According to Ms. Debby Aloha Z. Davalos, the CPAR on Rice + Eggplant research study aims to increase production efficiencies by reducing cost of production by at least 15% and promote appropriate production and value-adding technologies.
“With this we will be able to see if the yield and income is greater even if we reduce the cost of production. Through this study we will also help farmers enhance their technical knowledge and skills as well as promote the adoption of component technologies of the improved production system,” Ms. Davalos added.
Meanwhile, Ms. Timmy Manzon – Project Evaluation Office 1, in-charge of the CPAR warned the farmers not to apply too much fertilizers and insecticides because it is dangerous to the consumer’s health.
She also said that the poster of CPAR entitled “Masagana at Ligtas na Pagkain: Biyaya ng Pinagsamang Sistema ng Pagsasaka ng Palay at Talong” won the third place during the 30th Regional Symposium on R&D Highlights on November 2018 held at Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University – North La Union Campus (DMMMSU – NLUC), Bacnotan, La Union.
While the Site Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) as a Management Decision Support Tool for Corn Farmers in Region 1 used six types of fertilizer recommendation in “Evogeen” corn variety to determine the impact of technology derived by corn growers for hybrid corn in terms of yield and income.
The fertilizer recommendations applied per treatment area were; Treatment 1 (T1) - Company Recommended Rate (Low) 70-35-70, Treatment 2 (T2) - Company Recommended Rate (High) 150-70-150, Treatment 3 (T3) - Soil Analysis 120-7-7, Treatment 4(T4) - Farmer’s Rate, Treatment 5 (T5) - SSNM (High) 110-45-51, and Treatment 6 (T6) - SSNM (Low) 105-38-42.
Mr. Xander C. Tumanan – Project Assistant I, presented the initial result of hybrid corn with different rates of inorganic fertilizers where T4 has the heaviest weight with 15.8kg of ear in crop cut area in 2x5 square meters while T3 showed the heaviest with 11.7kg weight of shelled ears.
For the Multi-Location Adaptability Trial of Garlic Varieties and Other Garlic Cultivars in Region 1, there were seven Garlic Cultivars used; the Ilocos White, Ilocos Pink, Mexican, Tan Bolters, Miracle, VFTA 275 M76 and Batanes White.
According to the observation of the participants, the Batanes White and Ilocos Pink have the best results among the varieties of garlic that were planted.
Municipal Mayor Hon. Heidee L. Ganigan – Chua of Asingan, Pangasinan also encouraged the farmers to share the knowledge and technologies they learned to their neighboring Barangays and Municipalities and encourage them to use organic farming.
“Even if the agricultural land is pleasant if the Farmer is lazy, it’s useless. So I encourage everyone to adopt the technology you have learned in this project and I want you to share them to your fellow farmers,” Hon. Chua said.